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CategoryCitationYearCountryReference KeyURLMisc. Notes
Health information exchange HIE; Data quality; Viral loadAniekwe, C., Cuffe, K., Audu, I., Nalda, N., Ibezim, B., Nnakwe, M., ... & Shrivastava, R. (2023). Assessing the effect of electronic health information exchange on the completeness and validity of data for measuring viral load testing turnaround time in Nigeria. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 174, 105059.2023NigeriaAniekwe 2023https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2023.105059Demonstrated evidence of significant improvement in the quality of data available to measure viral load turnaround time with the implementation of HIE

COVID

HIV

Healthcare Workers

De Schacht C, Nhacule E, Belo C on behalf of the COVIV Study Collaborative Group, et al. Measuring the burden of SARS-CoV-2 infection among persons living with HIV and healthcare workers and its impact on service delivery in Mozambique: protocol of a prospective cohort studyBMJ Open 2023;13:e068988. 

2023MozambiqueDe Schacht 202310.1136/bmjopen-2022-068988 
PHC Primary Health CareKumar, Rajesh. Application of digital technologies in primary healthcare: Opportunities & challenges. Indian Journal of Medical Research 157(4):p 276-279, April 2023. | DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_3056_21 2023IndiaKumar 202310.4103/ijmr.ijmr_3056_21  

Machine Learning

Deduplication

Dixon, A., Thengo, L., Kitsao, E., Matiya, K., Barasa, M., Nyirongo, R., ... & Mbae, S. (2023). Community and Facility Health Information System Integration in Malawi: A Comparison of Machine Learning and Probabilistic Record Linkage Methods. ACM Journal on Computing and Sustainable Societies.2023MalawiDixon 2023https://doi.org/10.1145/3624773 

Accessibility

Visual Impairment

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)

OpenMRS v2

Moncy, M. M., Pilli, M., Somasundaram, M., Purkayastha, S., & Fulton, C. R. (2023). Evaluation of accessibility of open-source EHRs for visually impaired users. arXiv preprint arXiv:2311.02531.2023GeneralMoncy 2023https://arxiv.org/abs/2311.02531#:~:text=https%3A//doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2311.02531 

HIV ARV

Retention, Resistance

Joaquim, L., Miranda, M. N., Pimentel, V., Martins, M. D. R. O., Nhampossa, T., Abecasis, A., & Pingarilho, M. (2023). Retention in Care and Virological Failure among Adult HIV-Positive Patients on First-Line Antiretroviral Treatment in Maputo, Mozambique. Viruses, 15(10), 1978.2023MozambiqueJoaquim 2023https://doi.org/10.3390/v15101978 
Anemia / AnaemiaAnton-Vazquez V, Mnzava D, Okuma J, Mlembe S, Lo Riso L, Sanchez JM, et al. (2023) Improving anaemia diagnosis using peripheral blood smear with remote interpretation in adults living with HIV with moderate to severe anaemia: A prospective study nested within the Kilombero and Ulanga antiretroviral cohort. PLoS ONE 18(10): e0293084. 2023TanzaniaAnton-Vazquez 2023https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0293084

EMR

IPV, GBV

HIV Index Case Testing (ICT)

Mbah, Rogers, Honoré, Ngend. A Review of Index Case Testing Induced Intimate Partner Violence and Electronic Management of Information in HIV Care. xx (2023). 2023CameroonMbah 202310.4236/etsn.2023.124005 Recommendations: • Data tools for HIV AIDS should integrate IPV indicators. • Include management of IPV survivors in existing EMR systems. • Develop more comprehensive EMRs that include complete care continua, especially for low-income settings. • Countries with limited resources should consider OPENMRS to implement EMR. • Screening for IPV among HIV patients should be scaled up to reduce IPV incidence. • IPV counseling services should be offered post-HIV test counseling to control IPV incidence rates.

Interoperability

Standards

Mehmood, N.Q., Mahfooz, S.Z., Faroom, S. et al. Usability evaluation of interoperability interfaces in electronic medical record systems. Health Serv Outcomes Res Method (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10742-023-00312-32023GeneralMehmood 2023https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10742-023-00312-3

Open Source

EMR

ICD 10

Capacity Building

Mougou, S. (2023). Building Stronger Healthcare in Tunisia: EHR Implementation with Open Software and Local Capacity Building. In Open Infrastructure Fund/Fondo de Infraestructura Abierta.2023TunisiaMougou, 2023https://openreview.net/forum?id=hVPDxT22ZeTesting three EHR systems to determine their suitability for meeting the requirements discussed by working groups. Assessing the capability to: integrate both clinical data and genomic data; the capacity to incorporate standardized medical vocabulary in both English and French languages; along with its alignment with ICD10 standards
Open SourceKrasodomski-jones, A., & Eaves, D. (2023). Laying the Foundation for the Future: Open Source Sustainability and the Adoption of Digital Public Goods.2023GeneralKrasodomski-jones, 2023

https://policycommons.net/artifacts/3793098/laying-the-foundation-for-the-future/4598925/


Prenatal, ANC
EMR
Prieto-Egido, I., Garrido Madrigal, A., & Barrena García, C. (2023, February). Development and Validation of a Health Information System to Improve Prenatal Controls in Guatemala. In International Congress on Information and Communication Technology (pp. 109-127). Singapore: Springer Nature Singapore.2023GuatemalaPrieto-Egido 2023

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-99-3091-3_10


CDS
HIV
Magrabi, F., Cresswell, K., & Fraser, H. S. (2023). International dimensions of clinical decision support systems. In Clinical Decision Support and Beyond (pp. 145-188). Content Repository Only!.2023Kenya, RwandaMagrabi 2023

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780323912006000139


HIVMnzava, D., Okuma, J., Ndege, R., Kimera, N., Ntamatungiro, A., Nyuri, A., ... & Weisser, M. (2023). Decentralization of viral load testing to improve HIV care and treatment cascade in rural Tanzania: observational study from the Kilombero and Ulanga Antiretroviral Cohort. BMC Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 222.2023TanzaniaMnzava 2023

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12879-023-08155-6


Open Source
Software Architecture, Architectural Smells, Software Performance

Arcelli Fontana, F., Camilli, M., Rendina, D., Taraboi, A. G., & Trubiani, C. (2023, June). Impact of Architectural Smells on Software Performance: an Exploratory Study. In Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering (pp. 22-31).2023General
Team from: Italy
Fontana 2023

https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10.1145/3593434.3593442


Thyroid Cancer
Ultrasound
Oncology
Bisquera, Valparaiso, Perez, Uy, Espiritu, Pialago, Clarit. A Single Institution Experience on the Correlation of Kwak Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System Score (Kwak TIRADS) and Malignancy of Thyroid Nodules seen in a Tertiary Hospital Setting. World Cancer Research Journal, 10, e2498.2023PhilippinesBisquera 2023

https://www.wcrj.net/article/2498


Medical Training

Capacity Building

Stephanie Medlock, Kim J. Ploegmakers, Ronald Cornet, Kim Win Pang, Use of an open-source electronic health record to establish a “virtual hospital”: A tale of two curricula, International Journal of Medical Informatics, Volume 169, 2023, 104907, ISSN 1386-5056, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2022.104907.2023NetherlandsMedlock 2023https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1386505622002210

COVID
Home monitoring

Sikder, A., Dickhoner, J., Kysh, L., Musheghyan, L., Shekherdimian, S., Levine, B., & Espinoza, J. (2022). International Collaboration to Develop a Remote Monitoring Web App for COVID-19 Patients in Armenia: Design and Development With Agile Methodology. JMIR Human Factors, 9(4), e40110.2022ArmeniaSikder 2022https://europepmc.org/article/med/36350739

The software was designed and developed over 2 months using human-centered design and agile sprints. Once live, 5087 patient records were created for 439 unique patients.

HIV
ART
Disease Survillance

Fataha, N. V. F. A., Gaveta, S., Langa, J. C., Banze, A. R., Sacarlal, J., Rossetto, E. V., ... & Kellogg, T. A. (2022). Evaluation of the Mozambique Antiretroviral Therapy (MozART) database as an antiretroviral therapy patient surveillance system, 2017-2018. The Pan African Medical Journal, 42.2022MozambiqueFataha 2022

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9429983/



COVID
Mirza, Muzna, Yoran Grant-Greene, Marie PJS Valles, Patrice Joseph, Stanley Juin, Stephan Brice, Patrick Dely et al. "Leveraging PEPFAR-supported health information systems for COVID-19 pandemic response." Emerging Infectious Diseases 28, no. Suppl 1 (2022): S49.2022HaitiMirza 2022

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9745247/


TuberculosisSiamisang, K., Rankgoane-Pono, G., Madisa, T. M., Mudiayi, T., & Tlhakanelo, J. T. (2022). Outcomes and predictors of tuberculosis mortality in Kweneng West District, Botswana: a retrospective cohort study. The Pan African Medical Journal, 42.2022BotswanaSiamisang 2022

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9142783/


OMOPEspinoza, J., Sikder, A., Lulejian, A., & Levine, B. (2022). Development of an OpenMRS-OMOP ETL tool to support informatics research and collaboration in LMICS. Available at SSRN 4075625.2022GeneralEspinoza 2022

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4075625


Public Health
Open Source
Wanger, J., Cullen, T., Dunbar, E. L., & Flowers, J. L. (2023). Open-source software for public health: opportunities and approaches. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 50(8), S31.2022GeneralWanger 2022

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10348654/


HIV
ART
Kisaka, A. M. (2022). Test and treat policy: Effect on ART initiation and retention and health system barriers and facilitators to implementation in AHF Uganda Cares Clinics in Central Uganda (Doctoral dissertation, Makerere University).2022UgandaKisaka 2022http://dspace.mak.ac.ug/handle/10570/10866

Results: The 30-days initiation rate was 62.7% before and 90.8% after the T&T policy rollout.

CDSFraser, H. S., Mugisha, M., Remera, E., Ngenzi, J. L., Richards, J., Santas, X., ... & Umubyeyi, A. (2022). User perceptions and use of an enhanced electronic health record in Rwanda with and without clinical alerts: cross-sectional survey. JMIR Medical Informatics, 10(5), e32305.2022RwandaFraser 2022https://medinform.jmir.org/2022/5/e32305/

A survey of user experience of a well established HIV implementation by the Rwanda MOH. Part of a larger OpenMRS research study of 112 health facilities in Rwanda.
The EHR top uses were to access client data easily or quickly (62/90, 69%), update patient records (56/89, 63%), create new patient records (49/88, 56%), generate various reports (38/85, 45%), and review previous records (43/89, 48%). In addition, >90% (81/90) of respondents agreed that the EHR made it easier to make informed decisions, was worth using, and has improved patient information quality. .... In intervention sites, staff were significantly more likely to update existing records (P=.04), generate summaries before (P<.001) or during visits (P=.01)

Maternity
Labor, Delivery
Dinh, N., Agarwal, S., Avery, L., Ponnappan, P., Chelangat, J., Amendola, P., ... & Bartlett, L. (2022). Implementation Outcomes Assessment of a Digital Clinical Support Tool for Intrapartum Care in Rural Kenya: Observational Analysis. JMIR Formative Research, 6(6), e34741.2022KenyaDinh 2022

https://formative.jmir.org/2022/6/e34741

An example of the use of the VecnaCARES maternal child health package using OpenMRS and their custom hardware package for sites with no infrastructure.
HIV
Adolescent
Ahimbisibwe, J. (2022). Factors associated with adherence to Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) among adolescents attending HIV clinic at China-Uganda Friendship Hospital-Naguru, Uganda (Doctoral dissertation, Makerere University).2022UgandaAhimbisibwe 2022

http://dspace.mak.ac.ug/handle/10570/10513


NTD


Ochoa, Rodrigo, Álvarez, Alessa, Freitas, Jordan, Purkayastha, Saptarshi, & Vélez, Iván D.. (2022). NTD Health: An electronic medical record system for neglected tropical diseases. Biomédica, 42(4), 602-610. Epub December 01, 2022.https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.62692022ColombiaOchoa 2022http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S0120-41572022000400602&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
Open SourcePaton C, Braa J, Muhire A, Marco-Ruiz L, Kobayashi S, Fraser H, Falcón L, Marcelo A. Open Source Digital Health Software for Resilient, Accessible and Equitable Healthcare Systems. Yearb Med Inform. 2022 Aug;31(1):67-73. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1742508. Epub 2022 Jun 2. PMID: 35654431; PMCID: PMC9719763.2022GlobalPaton 2022https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9719763
Maternity
PMTCT
HEI
Mentor Mothers
Carlucci, J. G., Yu Z., Gonzalez P., Bravo M., Amorim G., das Felicidades Cugara, C., Guambe, H., Mucanhenga, J., Silva, W., Tique, J. A., Alvim, M. F. S., Graves, E., De Schact, C., Wester, W. The Effect of a Mentor Mothers Program on Maternal and Infant PMTCT Outcomes in Zambézia Province, Mozambique.2021MozambiqueCarlucci 2023

https://www.vumc.org/friends-in-global-health/sites/default/files/public_files/docs/11.%20VUMC-FGH_MM_Final%20Report%20ESoP%20Final%20Report_revised_18Nov2021_clean.pdf


EMR
Global Goods
Open Source
Verma N, Mamlin B, Flowers J, Acharya S, Labrique A, Cullen T. OpenMRS as a global good: Impact, opportunities, challenges, and lessons learned from fifteen years of implementation. Int J Med Inform. 2021 May;149:104405. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2021.104405. Epub 2021 Feb 5. PMID: 33639327.2021GlobalVerma 2021

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33639327/


Implementation
EMR
Emergency
Mamlin, Burke W., Jennifer E. Shivers, Nancy K. Glober, and Jonathan J. Dick. "OpenMRS as an emergency EMR—How we used a global good to create an emergency EMR in a week." International Journal of Medical Informatics 149 (2021): 104433.2021USAMamlin 2021

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1386505621000599


ICD 11
API
Mugisha, M., Byiringiro, J. B., Uwase, M., Abizeyimana, T., Ndikubwimana, B., Karema, N., ... & Tumusiime, D. (2020). Integration of International Classification of Diseases version 11 application program interface (API) in the Rwandan electronic medical records (openMRS): findings from two district hospitals in Rwanda. In The Importance of Health Informatics in Public Health during a Pandemic (pp. 280-283). IOS Press.2020RwandaMugisha 2020

https://ebooks.iospress.nl/doi/10.3233/SHTI200549

Michael Mugisha and colleague carry out research and implementation work with OpenMRS in Rwanda.

Machine Learning
HIV

Comparison of machine learning methods for predicting viral failure: a case study using electronic health record data.
Kimaina A, Dick J, DeLong A, Chrysanthopoulou SA, Kantor R, Hogan JW.Stat Commun Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 12;12(Suppl1):20190017.
2020
Kimaina 2020

Translation of AMRS-based research for improving patient care.

This study was one of the precursors for a large research study on the use of machine learning to improve loss to follow up of HIV patients in Kenya 

Oncology
Chemotherapy
Kabukye, J. K., Casaceli, A. M., Ball, E., De Armas, M., & Cornet, R. (2019). Towards an open-source oncology electronic medical records system for low-resource settings: development of chemotherapy management in OpenMRS. In MEDINFO 2019: Health and Wellbeing e-Networks for All (pp. 634-638). IOS Press.2019Uganda
Malawi
Rwanda
Haiti
USA
Kabukye 2019

https://ebooks.iospress.nl/doi/10.3233/SHTI190300


Interoperability

Patient Transfer

Rweikiza, G., & Machuve, D. (2019). Development of medical records exchange system-a case of OpenMRS and Care2X. International Journal of Advanced Technology and Engineering Exploration, 6(52), 77-83.2019TanzaniaRweikiza 2019

https://www.accentsjournals.org/paperInfo.php?journalPaperId=1123

PDF


DiabetesYandrapalli, B. T., Jones, J., & Purkayastha, S. (2019). Development and Implementation of a Dashboard for Diabetes Care Management in OpenMRS. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.11437.2019General

Yandrapalli 2019

https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.11437

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1910.11437.pdf


HIVHumphrey JM, Genberg BL, Keter A, Musick B, Apondi E, Gardner A, Hogan JW, Wools-Kaloustian K. Viral suppression among children and their caregivers living with HIV in western Kenya. J Int AIDS Soc. 2019 Apr;22(4):e25272. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25272. PubMed PMID: 30983148; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6462809.2019KenyaHumphrey 2018

Helped understand the link between parental viral suppression and child suppression

Radiology, RISGichoya, J. W., Kohli, M., Ivange, L., Schmidt, T. S., & Purkayastha, S. (2018). A platform for innovation and standards evaluation: a case study from the OpenMRS open-source radiology information system. Journal of digital imaging, 31, 361-370.2018GeneralGichoya 2018

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10278-018-0088-5


HIV
MCH
LTFU
Holmes CB, Yiannoutsos CT, Elul B, Bukusi E, Ssali J, Kambugu A, Musick BS, Cohen C, Williams C, Diero L, Padian N, Wools-Kaloustian KK. Increased prevalence of pregnancy and comparative risk of program attrition among individuals starting HIV treatment in East Africa. PLoS One. 2018 Jan 17;13(1):e0190828. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190828. eCollection 2018. PubMed PMID: 29342180.2018
Holmes 2018

Helped understand the impact of pregnancy and sex on retention in care

HIV
Drug Resistance
Pediatric

Wools-Kaloustian K, Marete I, Ayaya S, Sohn AH, Van Nguyen L, Li S, Leroy V, Musick BS, Newman JE, Edmonds A, Davies MA, Eboua FT, Obama MT, Yotebieng M, Sawry S, Mofenson LM, Yiannoutsos CT. Time to First-Line ART Failure and Time to Second-Line ART Switch in the IeDEA Pediatric Cohort. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes. 2018; PubMed [journal] PMID: 295095902018

Wools-Kaloustian 2018


Helped identify delays in switching failed regimens.

EMR
Open Source
Syzdykova A, Malta A, Zolfo M, Diro E, Oliveira JL. Open-Source Electronic Health Record Systems for Low-Resource Settings: Systematic Review. JMIR Med Inform. 2017 Nov 13;5(4):e44. doi: 10.2196/medinform.8131. PMID: 29133283; PMCID: PMC5703976.2017GeneralSyzdykova 2017

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5703976/


ANC, MCHE. Kimei and K. Kalegele, "Digitization of antenatal health card and integration with OpenMRS platform: System analysis and design," 2017 IST-Africa Week Conference (IST-Africa), Windhoek, Namibia, 2017, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.23919/ISTAFRICA.2017.8101976.2017TanzaniaKimei 2017

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8101976


EMRBashiri, A., & Ghazisaeedi, M. (2017). Open MRS softwares: effective approaches in management of patients' health information. Int J Commun Med Publ Health, 4(11), 4.2017GlobalBashiri 2017

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Azadeh-Bashiri/publication/320646470_Open_MRS_softwares_effective_approaches_in_management_of_patients'_health_information/links/5b0021030f7e9be94bd8c8aa/Open-MRS-softwares-effective-approaches-in-management-of-patients-health-information.pdf


EMR
Ebola
Oza S, Jazayeri D, Teich J, Ball E, Nankubuge P, Rwebembera J, Wing K, Sesay A, Kanter A, Ramos G, Walton D, Cummings R, Checchi F, Fraser H. Development and Deployment of the OpenMRS-Ebola Electronic Health Record System for an Ebola Treatment Center in Sierra Leone
J Med Internet Res 2017;19(8):e294
DOI: 10.2196/jmir.7881
2017Sierra LeoneOza 2017

https://www.jmir.org/2017/8/e294/

The rapid assembly of a community of designers and developers to build a new tablet based UI and workflow for an Ebola treatment program in Sierra Leone. One of a handful of EHR like applications actually implemented and used for clinical care during the Ebola outbreak. 

Open Source

EMR

Kasthurirathne SN, Mamlin BW, Cullen T. Leveraging the Value of Human Relationships to Improve Health Outcomes. Lessons learned from the OpenMRS Electronic Health Record System. Appl Clin Inform. 2017 Feb 1;8(1):108-121. 

2017GlobalKasthurirathne 2017http://doi.org/10.4338/ACI-2016-08-RA-0139
Interoperability
Indicators
Reporting
DHIS2
Kariuki, J. M., Manders, E. J., Richards, J., Oluoch, T., Kimanga, D., Wanyee, S., ... & Santas, X. (2016). Automating indicator data reporting from health facility EMR to a national aggregate data system in Kenya: An Interoperability field-test using OpenMRS and DHIS2. Online journal of public health informatics, 8(2).2016KenyaKariuki 2016

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5266757/


Patient Outcomes
HIV

Evaluating strategies to improve HIV care outcomes in Kenya: a modelling study.
Olney JJ, Braitstein P, Eaton JW, Sang E, Nyambura M, Kimaiyo S, McRobie E, Hogan JW, Hallett TB.Lancet HIV. 2016 Dec;3(12):e592-e600.
2016KenyaOlney 2016

Interoperability
API
EMR
Kasthurirathne, S. N., Mamlin, B., Kumara, H., Grieve, G., & Biondich, P. (2015). Enabling better interoperability for healthcare: lessons in developing a standards based application programing interface for electronic medical record systems. Journal of medical systems, 39, 1-8.2015GeneralKasthurirathne 2015

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10916-015-0356-6


Informatics Capacity Building

Building Comprehensive and Sustainable Health Informatics Institutions in Developing Countries: Moi University Experience.
Were MC, Siika A, Ayuo PO, Atwoli L, Esamai F.Stud Health Technol Inform. 2015;216:520-4.
2015
Were 2015

Building informatics capacity in Kenya; additional information on AmpathMRS. Per Ampath: "The publications using AMRS have helped us identify key gaps in the HIV care and treatment program including the high rate of LTFU from the first paper we published. We also used AMRS to inform MOH about VL testing in pregnancy a few years ago though this was not published as a paper. More recent use of AMRS data has been in IeDEA analysis that have looked at a number of things including new guideline adoption."

LTFU
HIV
Geng EH, Odeny TA, Lyamuya RE, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Muyindike W, Braitstein P, Somi GR, Kambugu A, Bukusi EA, Wenger M, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Glidden DV, Yiannoutsos CT, Martin J. Estimation of Mortality among HIV-infected people on antiretroviral therapy treatment in east Africa: a sampling based approach in an observational, multisite, cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2015 Mar 1;2(3):e107-e116. PubMed PMID: 26120593; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4480204.2015
Geng 2015

Identified LTFU patients to be tracked to help understand what was going on.

Informatics Capacity Building

"These are good problems to have…": establishing a collaborative research partnership in East Africa.
Tierney WM, Nyandiko WN, Siika AM, Wools-Kaloustian K, Sidle JE, Kiplagat J, Bell A, Inui TS.J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Sep;28 Suppl 3(Suppl 3):S625-38.
2013
Tierney 2013https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23797916/

Building informatics capacity in Kenya; additional information on AmpathMRS

Decision Support (CDS)
Pediatrics
HIV

Computer-generated reminders and quality of pediatric HIV care in a resource-limited setting.
Were MC, Nyandiko WM, Huang KT, Slaven JE, Shen C, Tierney WM, Vreeman RC.Pediatrics. 2013 Mar;131(3):e789-96.
2013
Were 2013
One of the most important clinical evaluation studies of the  impact of OpenMRS in improving care.

EMR

Open Source

Modular

Kasthurirathne, S. N. (2012). Designing and developing an open source medical informatics module. XRDS: Crossroads 19(2), 20-23. doi:10.1145/2382856.2382866 

2012
Kasthurirathne 2012http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2382866
Open Sourcede Abajo, B. S., & Ballestero, A. L. (2012). Overview of the most important open source software: analysis of the benefits of OpenMRS, OpenEMR, and VistA. In Telemedicine and e-health services, policies, and applications: Advancements and developments (pp. 315-346). IGI Global.2012Generalde Abajo 2012

https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/content/64993


Implementation
EMR
Open Source
Mohammed-Rajput NA, Smith DC, Mamlin B, Biondich P, Doebbeling BN; Open MRS Collaborative Investigators. OpenMRS, a global medical records system collaborative: factors influencing successful implementation. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011;2011:960-8. Epub 2011 Oct 22. PMID: 22195155; PMCID: PMC3243141.2011GlobalMohammed-Rajput 2011

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3243141/


Terminology
SNOMED
Tuberculosis
Halland, K., & Britz, K. (2011). Investigations into the use of SNOMED CT to enhance an OpenMRS health information system. South African Computer Journal, 47(1), 33-45.2011South AfricaHalland 2011

https://journals.co.za/doi/abs/10.10520/EJC28115


Decision Support (CDS)
HIV

Evaluation of computer-generated reminders to improve CD4 laboratory monitoring in sub-Saharan Africa: a prospective comparative study.
Were MC, Shen C, Tierney WM, Mamlin JJ, Biondich PG, Li X, Kimaiyo S, Mamlin BW.J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Mar-Apr;18(2):150-5.
2011
Were 2011
Early clinical evaluation of the impact of OpenMRS (paper based) reminders on patient care
HIVManders, E. J., José, E., Solis, M., Burlison, J., Nhampossa, J. L., & Moon, T. (2010). Implementing OpenMRS for patient monitoring in an HIV/AIDS care and treatment program in rural Mozambique. In MEDINFO 2010 (pp. 411-415). IOS Press.2010MozambiqueManders 2010

MCH
Reproductive Health

Thompson, A., Castle, E., Lubeck, P., & Makarfi, P. S. (2010). Experience implementing OpenMRS to support maternal and reproductive health in Northern Nigeria. In MEDINFO 2010 (pp. 332-336). IOS Press.2010NigeriaThompson 2010

https://ebooks.iospress.nl/volumearticle/13451

Early implementation of OpenMRS for maternal-child health
ImplementationTierney, W. M., Achieng, M., Baker, E., Bell, A., Biondich, P., Braitstein, P., ... & Tanzania-Uganda OpenMRS Consortium. (2010). Experience implementing electronic health records in three East African countries. In MEDINFO 2010 (pp. 371-375). IOS press.2010Tanzania
Uganda
Kenya
Tierney 2010

https://ebooks.iospress.nl/doi/10.3233/978-1-60750-588-4-371


Implementation
Capacity Building

Seebregts, C. J., Mamlin, B. W., Biondich, P. G., Fraser, H. S. F., Wolfe, B. A., Jazayeri, D., ... & Kanter, A. S. (2010). Human factors for capacity building. Lessons learned from the OpenMRS implementers network. Yearbook of medical informatics, 19(01), 13-20.2010GlobalSeebregts 2010

https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0038-1638681

A second paper on the openMRS implementors and community
HIVBraitstein P, Ayuo P, Mwangi A, Wools-Kaloustian K, Musick B, Siika A, Kimaiyo S. Sustainability of first-line antiretroviral regimens: findings from a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes. 2010;53(2):254-259.2010KenyaBraitstein 2010

Helped look at sustainability of firstline regimens

PMTCT
HIV
MCH
Nyandiko WM, Otieno-Nyunya B, Musick B, Bucher-Yiannoutsos S, Akhaabi P, Lane K, Yiannoutsos CT, Wools-Kaloustian K. Outcomes of HIV-exposed children in western Kenya: efficacy of prevention of mother to child transmission in a resource-constrained setting. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes. 2010;54(1):42-50.2010KenyaNyandiko 2010

Helped assess the effectiveness of the PMTCT program.

EMR
Open Source
Christopher J. Seebregts, Burke W. Mamlin, Paul G. Biondich, Hamish S.F. Fraser, Benjamin A. Wolfe, Darius Jazayeri, Christian Allen, Justin Miranda, Elaine Baker, Nicholas Musinguzi, Daniel Kayiwa, Carl Fourie, Neal Lesh, Andrew Kanter, Constantin T. Yiannoutsos, Christopher Bailey,
The OpenMRS Implementers Network, International Journal of Medical Informatics, Volume 78, Issue 11, 2009, Pages 711-720, ISSN 1386-5056, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2008.09.005.
2009GlobalSeebregts, 2009

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1386505608001652

Important early paper on OpenMRS community with Chris Seebregts one of the 4 co-founders as first author.
Implementation
HIV
Allen, C., Jazayeri, D., Miranda, J., Biondich, P. G., Mamlin, B. W., Wolfe, B. A., ... & Fraser, H. S. (2007). Experience in implementing the OpenMRS medical record system to support HIV treatment in Rwanda. Studies in health technology and informatics, 129(1), 382.2007RwandaAllen 2007

https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=KAnvAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA382&dq=openmrs&ots=Uv2VU-P_-h&sig=IhgD3kpiqiA4_NhdNb2KTlo60HU&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=openmrs&f=false

Early work with OpenMRS in Rwanda

EMR

Nutrition

Rural

Allen C, Manyika P, Ufitamahoro E, Musabende A, Rich M, Jazayeri D, Fraser H. Expanding an electronic medical record to support community health worker and nutritional support programs in rural Rwanda. AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings. 2007 Oct 11:860.

2007RwandaAllen 2007
Early work with OpenMRS in Rwanda

Tuberculosis

Labs

Blaya JA, Shin SS, Yagui MJ, Yale G, Suarez CZ, Asencios LL, Cegielski JP, Fraser HS. A web-based laboratory information system to improve quality of care of tuberculosis patients in Peru: functional requirements, implementation and usage statistics. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. 2007 Oct 28;7:33. 

2007PeruBlaya 2007http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17963522
EMRThe AMPATH medical record system: creating, implementing, and sustaining an electronic medical record system to support HIV/AIDS care in western Kenya.
Tierney WM, Rotich JK, Hannan TJ, Siika AM, Biondich PG, Mamlin BW, Nyandiko WM, Kimaiyo S, Wools-Kaloustian K, Sidle JE, Simiyu C, Kigotho E, Musick B, Mamlin JJ, Einterz RM.Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;129(Pt 1):372-6.
2007KenyaTierney 2007

General background on the early days of OpenMRS, it's precursor system and AmpathMRS.

EMR

HIV

Allen C, Manyika P, Jazayeri D, Rich M, Lesh N, Fraser H. Rapid deployment of electronic medical records for ARV rollout in rural Rwanda. AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings. 2006:840. 

2006RwandaAllen 2006http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17238460The first paper describing the OpenMRS work in Rwanda. 
EMR
Open Source
Wolfe BA, Mamlin BW, Biondich PG, Fraser HS, Jazayeri D, Allen C, Miranda J, Tierney WM. The OpenMRS system: collaborating toward an open source EMR for developing countries. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006;2006:1146. PMID: 17238765; PMCID: PMC1839362.2006GlobalWolfe 2006

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1839362/

Post version of the previous paper in the first year.
EMR
Open Source
Mamlin BW, Biondich PG, Wolfe BA, Fraser H, Jazayeri D, Allen C, Miranda J, Tierney WM. Cooking up an open source EMR for developing countries: OpenMRS - a recipe for successful collaboration. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006;2006:529-33. PMID: 17238397; PMCID: PMC1839638.2006GlobalMamlin 2006

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1839638/

The first OpenMRS paper the year we first launched in Kenya, Rwanda and South Africa. 
HIV
LTFU
Wools-Kaloustian K, Kimaiyo S, Diero L, Siika A, Sidle J, Yiannoutsos CT, Musick B, Einterz R, Fife KH, Tierney WM. Viability and effectiveness of large-scale HIV treatment initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa: experience from western Kenya. Aids. 2006;20(1):41-48.2006Kenya

Wools-Kaloustian 2006


Identified LTFU as an issue

EMRAMPATH Medical Record System (AMRS): collaborating toward an EMR for developing countries.
Mamlin BW, Biondich PG.AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005;2005:490-4.
2005KenyaMamlin 2005https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16779088/

General background on the early days of OpenMRS describing one of the two precursor systems.

EMR

Biondich PG, Mamlin BW, Hannan TJ, Tierney WM. A Call For Collaboration: Building an EMR for Developing Countries.  AMIA Annual Symposium; 2005; Washington, D.C.; 2005. 

2005GlobalBiondich 2005https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16779181OpenMRS design and development underway
EMR

Fraser H, Biondich P, Moodley D, Choi S, Mamlin B, Szolovits P. Implementing electronic medical record systems in developing countries. Informatics in Primary Care. 2005;13:83-95. 

2005GlobalFraser 2005https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15992493Early designs and EHR projects in low income settings. Kind of a manifesto for OpenMRS design and use. Strangely has masses of citations even to this day...

EMR

(Early days)

Rotich JK, Hannan TJ, Smith FE, Bii J, Odero WW, Vu N, Mamlin BW, Mamlin JJ, Einterz RM, Tierney WM. Installing and implementing a computer-based patient record system in sub-Saharan Africa: the Mosoriot Medical Record System. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2003 Jul-Aug;10(4):295-303. doi: 10.1197/jamia.M1301. Epub 2003 Mar 28. PMID: 12668697; PMCID: PMC181978.2003KenyaRotich 2003https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12668697/This described the main precursor system of OpenMRS at AMPATH

EMR

(Early days)

Tierney WM, Rotich JK, Smith FE, Bii J, Einterz RM, Hannan TJ. Crossing the "digital divide:" Implementing an electronic medical record system in a rural Kenyan health center to support clinical care and research. Proc AMIA Symp 2002: 792-795. 

2002KenyaTierney 2002http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12463933This described the main precursor system of OpenMRS at AMPATH

EMR

(Early days)

Hannan TJ, Tierney WM, Rotich JK, Odero WW, Smith F, Mamlin JJ, Einterz RM. The MOSORIOT medical record system (MMRS) phase I to phase II implementation: an outpatient computer-based medical record system in rural Kenya. Medinfo. 2001; 10(Pt 1):619-22. 

2001KenyaHannan 2001http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11604811This described the main precursor system of OpenMRS at AMPATH

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