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Table of Contents



The module is developed for patient registration, and is able to create new patients including recording of relevant demographics and a standard national address hierarchy, identify previous patients, create barcode with unique ID, scan barcode, record patient vital signs, scan national ID and record which service the patient is attending.


The touch-screen computers will be configured to start OpenMRS using this form .../openmrs/module/rwandaprimarycare/login/login.form

Documentation / How-To


User guide

See Rwanda Primary Care User Guide



Instructions: Server Side Setup

Get the latest version from the OpenMRS module repository

Setup instructions

Module configuration

  1. Download the module from the repository and install it.  This module depends on the idgen, addresshierarchyrwanda, and namephonetics modules, so these must be downloaded and installed prior to installing primary care.  The idgen module provides an architecture for assigning ID numbers to patients during registration.  The addresshierarchyrwanda module contains the entire address structure for the country of Rwanda, and provides an architecture for structured and unstructured addresses.  The addresshierarchyrwanda module (since version 1.2.3) provides an htmlformentry custom tag that essentially renders its AJAX-style rwanda address fields and then records the user-selected values to the database.   Finally, the namephonetics module ensures that searches by name are smart about common phonemes in the Kinyarwanda language.
  2. Go through global properties and settings (formerly Global Properties from platform1.8 downwards) and save all registration properties, in particular registration.serviceRequestedConcept, registration.rwandaLocationCodes and registration.primaryIdentifierType -- the Rwanda location code is expected to be the three-digit code assigned to each health center by the Rwanda Ministry of Health. For example, the three-digit code for Rwinkwavu Health Center is 416.  The primaryIdentifierType should be the identifier type that you just created for primary care registration IDs.   If there is the possibility of receiving transfer patients from other health centers where they may have received a barcode, setup the global propertysetting (formerly Global Property from platform1.8 downwards): registration.rwandaLocationCodes.  These are pipe delimited pairs of Health Centers by name, and Health Center MoH three-digit location code.  For example, a valid entry would be "Rwinkwavu Health Center:416|Kirehe Health Center:477|Rusumo Health Center|412".  (please verify your location codes before going live).
  3. Then, to prepare primary care-issued IDs, first make sure all idgen tables are empty, if migrating from a test database.
  4. Create a Primary Care ID Type – choose the Rwandan ID validator.
  5. Go into the idgen module administration pages, choose the primary care ID type you just created, and Local Identifier Generator
  6. Here's the base character set: 0123456789ACEFHJKMNPUWXY, First identifier base is: 00000001, and the length is 10.
  7. Click 'view', and test by exporting a couple of identifiers.
  8. Check the relationship type used during registration to record a patient's mothers and father's name (global property (settings (formerly Global Properties from platform1.8 downwards) registration.parentChildRelationshipTypeId). If this global property is settings (formerly Global Properties from platform1.8 downwards) is empty, check the database to determine the ID of the parent to child relationship type (or create one).
  9. You may need to add the core openmrs global property settings (formerly Global Properties from platform1.8 downwards) concept.temperature.
  10. You may need to add two privileges to the default user role – Manage Identifier Sources, and Generate Batch of Identifiers.
  11. In the name phonetics "Generate Phonetics for All Patients" page, select Double Metaphone for Given Name, and Kinyarwanda Soundex for Family Name and save properties.
  12. Generate name phonetics on this same page. (NOTE: this can run for a couple of hours, if you have thousands of names in your database).
  13. In Rinkwavu, we have overwritten a couple of core openmrs text properties.  To do this, in your OpenMRS runtime properties file, add the following line:   custom.messages=<<path>>/, where you set the <<path>> to wherever you want to create a file.  Then in the custom_messages file, add the following lines:

    PersonName.givenName=Christian Name
    PersonName.familyName=Kinyarwanda Name (Christian name, KINYARWANDA name)

Instructions: Touchscreen Client


Firefox Kiosk

(Note:  this section already assumes that you have installed Ubuntu on your touchscreen, and that the touchscreen drivers are working correctly.  These do not have to be powerful machines in the least -- all the touchscreen has to do is run Firefox or Chrome.  In Rwinkwavu, we're using J2 touchscreens, which are heavy-duty, and suitable for outdoor use.)


  1. Go to System > Administration > Login Screen
  2. Click on Security, select "Enable Automatic Login", and select the name of your user in the box below it

4) setup barcode printer.  In Rinkwavu, we're using the Zebra TLP2844 (NOT the LP2844, and NOT the TLP2844-z), with ELP2 support.

    Plug the printer into USB port
    Create a two-line file  

cat $1 > /dev/usb/lp0

    When Firefox asks which program to open barCode.epl with, pick

     In order for this to work, you must add the linux user to the lp group.

     Finally, in the current builds of Firefox, the 'remember my selection and do this from now on' checkbox that SHOULD remember that you want to open the .epl file with doesn't currently work.  The firefox plugin Web Page Fixer can be used to fix this.  This plug-in is available here:

5) configure scanner for pdf417, and code128

    need to download the manual and print relevant configuration codes; maybe we can make the beep less obnoxious
6) interfaces file needs:

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

(this also seems to work??):
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

7)  it is also recommended that once a firefox profile is established that works correctly in touchscreen mode, and prints barcodes correctly, that a tar file is created of the firefox profile, and that this tar file overwrites the existing firefox profile at startup.  We have seen several instances where the barcode file that is downloaded becomes linked to the wrong application, or the firefox homepage gets reset to something other than the touchscreen interface page in OpenMRS.  By restoring the firefox profile at startup, these errors can be fixed with a simple reboot.   

to create your tar file:  

1. go to touchscreen <<user's home directory>>/.mozilla/firefox

2. read the profiles.ini file to determine the profile folder used by the user when accessing the OpenMRS registration module.  This should be the profile that has the kiosk setup.  Mine was called i2c33y1i.Registration.

3. create the tar file with the command:  tar -cvf /home/<<username>> ./<<firefox profile folder>>.  For me this was tar -cvf /home/user ./i2c33y1i.Registration

4. chmod 777 on the newly created tar file in the user's home directory

5. now sudo to root and create an init.d script, referred to in these instructions as <<firefox reset script name>>, to unpack the tar file and overwrite the firefox profile at startup.  To do this create a text file with a name like 'firefox-reset' in /etc/init.d and chmod 755 on this file.

6. here are the file contents (fill this in with your local settings):

#! /bin/sh -e

tar -xvf /home/<<username>>/<<tarfile name>> --overwrite --absolute-names --preserve-permissions --directory /home/<<username>>/.mozilla/firefox

exit 0 

7. finally, to add the init.d script you've just created to the right run levels, type:   update-rc.d <<firefox reset script name>> defaults

That's it.

If the script doesn't work, or you want to stop running this script at startup, just type update-rc.d -f <<firefox reset script name>> remove

And, note, update-rc.d doesn't expect the path to your firefox reset script.  Just type the name of the file.  update-rc.d already knows to look in /etc/init.d.  

Instructions: Frequently Asked Questions

Where is the Firefox profile folder?
Help > Troubleshooting Information > Open Containing Folder

Printer can't recognize the break between stickers OR the printer doesn't recognize the correct HEIGHT of my stickers:

Here's the auto-sense printer startup routine:

1. Make sure the printer power is off and that the stickers and ribbon are loaded. 
2. Press and hold the feed button then turn on the printer power. 
3. Continue to hold the feed button until the status light LED flashes. 
Release the feed button. 
4. The printer will set the media sensor for the label backing being used. 
After the printer is done making this adjustment, the roll will 
automatically feed until a label is positioned at the print head. 
5. The configuration settings will print. Upon completion, the printer will save the new settings in memory and 
remain in diagnostic dump mode. 
6. Press the feed button on more time. The printer will dispense another label with the 
message "Out of DUMP" and be ready for normal operation.

How do I tell the printer the width of my barcode labels?

For the Zebra TLP2844, the dpi (or print resolution) is 203, meaning that there are 203 dots in an inch.  Our new label width is 2 inches, meaning that we needed to tell the printer that the media width is 406. The strategy that we used was to send EPL directly to the printer.  This is pretty easy.  All you need to do is login as someone with rights to the lp group in /etc/group, and then type the following command at the command line:

echo q406 >> /dev/usb/lp0

What this does is send the 'q' command (the EPL command to set the label width) to the printer, which is located at lp0.  the '406' argument is the 406 dot length that corresponds to the 2 inch width of our stickers.  After doing this, it is a good idea to then do the 'autosense' routine above, so the printer auto-detects the label height and the break between stickers.

How does the barcode printing work:


Barcode scanner

Configure scanner for pdf417, and code128

Need to download the manual and print relevant configuration codes; maybe we can make the beep less obnoxious

Barcode printer

See Barcode Printing for details of how to setup the barcode printers using CUPS.

Release Notes

  • 2.0.3
    • RPC-44 -Duplicates of parents should not be saved
    • RPC-43 - Handle MoH FOSA codes with less than 3 digits correctly
    • RPC-39 - NumberFormatException is thrown if age contains floating points
    • RPC-38 - Print ID Barcodes For Offline Use prints <spring:message code= ...
    • RPC-37 - Display only patient names in autocomplete name list
    • RPC-36 - set MIME type EPL in JSP